Blast Furnace - The Extraction of Iron. Blast Furnace - The Extraction of Iron. Visit. Discover ideas about Metal Chemistry. Pig Iron, iron and steel - Learn how the blast furnace converts raw iron ore and separates your pig iron and slag. With just coke and air and time. Metal Chemistry ...


Extraction of Metals. Extraction of Iron - The Blast Furnace. Click on a part of the picture below for further information. Links Revision Quizzes Revision Questions gcsescience.com The Periodic Table Index Metal Quiz gcsescience.com. Home GCSE Chemistry GCSE Physics


The extraction of iron from its ore is a long and subdued process, that helps in separating the useful components from the waste materials such as slag. What happens in the Blast Furnace? The purpose of a Blast Furnace is to reduce the concentrated ore chemically to its liquid metal state. A Blast furnace is a gigantic, steel stack lined with ...


ZIMSEC O Level Combined Science Notes: Extraction of iron: The blast furnace. After iron ore is mined it is send to the blast furnace; Iron is extracted from its ore in a blast furnace . The structure of a blast furnace. Image credit s-cool.co.uk.


Sep 04, 2012· Impacts on the environment due to the extraction of iron from haematite does not only start during the extraction of iron from the ore - it starts when the raw materials are being mined and transported. The following are problems which arise from these processes: From mining and transporting of raw materials - Air pollution - Noise pollution


Extracting iron from iron oxide. Iron is less reactive than carbon, so it can be extracted from iron oxide using carbon. This is done on an industrial scale in a huge container called a blast furnace.


Iron Ore Processing for the Blast Furnace (Courtesy of the National Steel Pellet Company) The following describes operations at the National Steel Pellet Company, an iron ore mining and processing facility located on the Mesabi Iron Range of Minnesota. Creating steel from low-grade iron ore requires a long process of mining, crushing,


Extraction of Iron using blast furnace and various types of Steel: Iron ore is reduced to iron by heating them with coke (a form of carbon) in blast furnace. As mentioned earlier, common iron ores are hematite (Fe2O3) and magnetite (Fe3O4). The air blown into the bottom of the blast furnace is heated using the hot waste gases from the top.


Mar 07, 2010· During the extraction of iron, the reduction of iron oxides takes place in a blast furnace. In this process, hot air is blown from the bottom of the furnace and coke is burnt to raise the temperature up to 2200 K in the lower portion itself. The temperature is lower in the upper part.


Jul 21, 2014· Iron ores are reduced by coke (carbon) in a blast furnace. The process is summarised in the diagram below. Hottest part of the furnace At the bottom of the furnace, adjacent to the hot air blast entry points, the temperature reaches around 1800ºC, and represents the hottest part of the furnace. Ascending vertically, the furnace temperature…


Extraction of Metals. Extraction of Iron.. Chemistry of the blast furnace ().. Limestone is calcium carbonate (CaCO 3) and it is added to the blast furnace to remove the impurities in the iron ore. Calcium carbonate is decomposed by heat in the furnace to give calcium oxide and carbon dioxide. This is called thermal decomposition (see examples of other carbonates). ...


Start studying iGCSE Chemistry: 5 a) Extraction and uses of metals. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ... The following reaction is important in the extraction of iron in a blast furnace. ... Molten iron and another molten substance collect at the bottom of the blast furnace. What is the common ...


extracting iron from iron ore using blast furnace: Extracting iron from its ore requires a series of steps to be followed and is considered as the penultimate process in metallurgy. The steps need the ore to be concentrated first, followed by the extraction of the metal from …


The following questions are about the blast furnace and the production of iron. a) Why are hot blasts of air blown in to the blast furnace? (1 mark) b) Why is limestone added to the blast furnace? (1 mark) c) Railway lines are welded together using molten iron. The molten iron is made using the 'thermit' reaction where iron oxide is reacted with aluminium powder.


Extracting iron The blast furnace. Iron is extracted from iron ore. in a huge container called a blast furnace. Iron ores such as haematite contain iron(III) oxide, Fe 2 O 3. The oxygen must be ...


Many things are produced in the extracting or iron from iron ore in a blast furnace. We will write a custom essay on Extracting Iron from Iron Ore in a Blast Furnace specifically for …


Start studying The extraction of Iron in a blast furnace. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.


A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper. Blast refers to the combustion air being "forced" or supplied above atmospheric pressure.. In a blast furnace, fuel (), ores, and flux are continuously supplied through the top of the furnace, while a hot blast of air (sometimes with ...


These revision notes on the extraction of iron in a blast furnace and the process of steel making and other alloys should prove useful for the new AQA, Edexcel and OCR GCSE (9–1) chemistry science courses. Metal extraction index. 1. Introduction to Metal Extraction. 2. Extraction of Iron and Steel Making (this page) 3.


Iron Ore Smelting Process Using Modern Blast Furnaces. Although the basic ingredients of an iron ore blast furnace has changed little over the last hundred years or so, the furnaces themselves have been modernized to improve efficiency and the purity of the iron and steel.


EXTRACTION OF IRON: The most important raw materials or ores from which iron metal extracted are oxide ores i.e. hematite (Fe2O3) or limonite (Fe2O3. 3H2O). The first stage involved in the manufacture of iron is the reduction of oxide ores in a blast furnace as given in fig. This involves the crushing of the oxide ore to produce lumps.


3 - Extracting Iron. Contents. 1 Syllabus: 2 What does this mean? ... 5.1 explain how the methods of extraction of the metals in this section are related to their positions in the ... the main reactions involved in the extraction of iron from iron ore (Haematite), using coke, limestone and air in a blast furnace.


Jan 10, 2016· Evolution of Blast Furnace Iron Making. The origin of the first smelting of iron is concealed in the unrecorded history of human civilization. The first evidence of iron implements being used in ancient times actually comes from Egypt where an iron tool was found in a joint between two stones in a pyramid. The origin of many prehistoric iron ...


Nov 14, 2017· limestone is used to remove impurities in the furnace and the main impurity of the blast furnace is silica (sand and rock) which is silicon dioxide. silicon dioxide is a solid at furnace temperatures so it reacts with calcium oxide from the decomp...


Iron works are located close to coal fields so that plentiful of coal is available at cheap rate. Coal is used as reducing agent and as fuel. Pig iron is converted into cast iron by heating molten pig iron with scrap iron and coke in specially designed furnaces. A blast of hot air is blown through the mixture. Cast iron contains about 3% carbon.


EXTRACTION OF IRON IN A BLAST FURNACE Iron is also below carbon in the reactivity series, so therefore carbon can be used to reduce it (note: reduction can also mean to remove the oxygen from a compound). This is done in a blast furnace.


How to extract iron from its ore The method Three substances are needed to enable to extraction of iron from its ore. The combined mixture is called the charge: Iron ore, haematite - often contains sand with iron oxide, Fe2O3. Limestone (calcium carbonate). Coke - mainly carbon. The charge is placed a giant chimney called a blast furnace. The blast furnace is around 30 metres high and lined ...


Extraction of Iron in a Blast Furnace The significant reactions occuring within the Blast Furnace can be described via the following steps showing how the reducing agent varies depending on the height in the furnace (i.e. on the Temperature).


Iron processing: Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned. Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting. Iron (Fe) is a relatively dense metal with …


Extracting iron from iron ore using a Blast Furnace. The common ores of iron are both iron oxides, and these can be reduced to iron by heating them with carbon in the form of coke. Coke is produced by heating coal in the absence of air. Coke is cheap and provides both the reducing agent for the reaction and also the heat source.


Iron Extraction Process. In the blast furnace process, the first step on the way towards heavy plate, pig iron is produced from iron ore. The composition of the ore and additions is accurately adjusted to the final products of AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke and Saarstahl AG.


Extraction of iron is based on the reduction of HAEMATITE (Fe 2 O 3) with carbon.. ... The blast furnace is a cylindrical tower like structure about 25m to 35m high. It has an outer shell of steel. Inside of furnace is lined with fire bricks. ...


Blast furnace, a vertical shaft furnace that produces liquid metals by the reaction of a flow of air introduced under pressure into the bottom of the furnace with a mixture of metallic ore, coke, and flux fed into the top. Blast furnaces are used to produce pig iron from iron ore for subsequent processing into steel, and they are also employed in processing lead, copper, and other metals.